As the most varied and exciting of all South America, Peru has it all: art, mystery, one of the oldest and most fascinating cultures of the world and full of natural beauty. It is also one of the countries geographically spectacular on earth. The variety is staggering: scientists have identified 103 possible ecological zones, Peru has 83 within its borders.
As a result, every possible scenic attraction is available. The Andes, the second largest mountain in the world, offers unparalleled exploration, travel and photographic opportunities. Visitors can also observe the flora and fauna in the tropical rainforest of the Amazon, visit pre-Columbian ruins or back in time visiting an island on Lake Titicaca.
You can also marvel at the great Inca ruins near Cusco and the great citadel of Machu Picchu, which can be reached by train or by the Inca trail in the mountains. Peru is also home to the Nazca lines etched in the coastal deserts, the vast adobe city of Chan Chan and the tombs of Moche site of Sipan. These cultures left no written record, just amazing work in gold, silver and stone.Undoubtedly, his stay in Peru will be memorable!
There are also several local festivals that offer excellent opportunities to learn about the traditions, colorful villages in the mountains, for example Qoyllur Riti (in May or June) and The Virgin of Paucartambo (15/16 July). For more information on local festivals, we offer our Festival Calendar. Also for those interested in the spiritual side of Cultures of the Andes, Peru offers exceptional opportunities for cultural activities introduced, such as payments to the land (an Inca ritual, a payment to the Pachamama, the recognition of Mother Earth) , among others.
Adventure abounds in Peru and may perform activities such as kayaking, diving, paragliding, hang gliding, bungee jumping, canoeing, mountain bike tourism, hiking, exploration, windsurfing, hiking, horseback riding, fishing, hiking, canyoning , skiing, snowboarding on sand, surf, climb mountain … clearly an adventurer’s paradise!
Travel and mountaineering is popular from April to November, dry season in the Andes. The most popular hike in the continent is the 33km (20mi) Inca Trail, west of Cusco. Equipment can be rented in Cusco and the trip takes two to four days. Huaraz, north of Lima, is the center of climbing and trakking of Peru and the site of Huascaran, at 6768msnm (22.199 ft) the highest mountain in the country. Equipment, drivers and guides are readily available, the best time for hiking is June to August.
Jungle treks can be done in Iquitos, Puerto Maldonado and Cusco (for Maldonado and Manu). You will stay in the jungle homes or tents, if you for example a trip to Manu. The trips can last anywhere from one day to one week, take with you enough insect repellent. The Urubamba River, near Cusco, has good water for rafting. Yarinacocha is the best place for boating. The Paracas Peninsula and Ballestas Islands on the Peruvian coast are the best known bird and marine sanctuaries, also have large secluded beaches for swimming from January to March. Visits to shrines are available daily and are relatively inexpensive. There are wineries (vineyards) to visit in the city of Ica, on the south coast, and guided tours to the Colca Canyon, near the city of Arequipa.